Thursday, February 12, 2015

Lateral Earth Pressures - Cohesive Soils


Monday, June 23, 2014

I am back after almost 5 years. Last five years have seen me grow as a person, as an engineer, become a father, and move to Texas. I will start writing for this blog soon.

Wednesday, October 21, 2009

Lateral Earth Pressure

My inability to be able to steal some time out of my schedule leaves me no option but to provide you with some links that might help you. I'll, however, post my take on lateral earth pressure in near future which may be too late for the candidates taking their exam day after tomorrow but may help those who are taking their exams next year or later. I really apologize for the inconvenience and wish all the examinees the very best!

The following link provides a pretty good (and brief) lesson on lateral earth pressure.

For any questions, feel free to ask me.

Wednesday, October 14, 2009

A question by a visitor

Anonymous said...

I'm confused in calculating the effective vertical stress in a sandy gravel soil layer below the graound water level and it is between a sand layer on the top and a clay layer on the bottom.
What unit weight i have to consider the sand unit waight or I need the porosity(n)of the sandy gravel to get the unit waight?


geotechie said...

suppose we have a situation like the following:

Sand wet unit weight = Ys,w
layer thickness = d1
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
water table @ depth dw, unit weight of water = Yw
Sand saturated unit weight = Ys,sat

Sandy Gravel
saturated unit weight = Ysg
layer thickness = d2

saturated unit weight = Yc
layer thickness = d3


Effective Stress = Total Stress - Pore Water Pressure

Total Stress at the bottom of clay layer = (Ys,w)(dw) + (Ys,sat)(d1-dw)+ (Ysg)(d2) + (Yc)(d3)

Pore water pressure = (Yw)(d1-dw) + (Yw)(d2) + (Yw)(d3)

Therefore, Effective Stress =
(Ys,w)(dw) + (Ys,sat)(d1-dw)+ (Ysg)(d2) + (Yc)(d3) - (Yw)(d1-dw) - (Yw)(d2) - (Yw)(d3)

= (Ys,w)(dw) + (Ys,sat-Yw)(d1-Yw) + (Ysg-Yw)(d2) + (Yc-Yw)(d3)

Let me know if it helps (or if it does not).

Sorry guys...

I am extremely sorry guys...its been a very busy several weeks...I'll try to post something on retaining walls before the PE exam.

Saturday, October 3, 2009

Shear Strength - Problem #3

A Consolidated Undrained (CU) triaxial test is conducted on silt. The effective cell pressure is 4.32 ksf. The deviator stress is 3.45 ksf. The total pore pressure for this test is 2.88 ksf. Draw Mohr's circle of the initial and final condition. Also, show circles that represent total and effective stresses.

Thursday, October 1, 2009

Shear Strength-Triaxial Test

1. Suitable for cohesive soils as well
2. Samples can be saturated
3. Principal planes do not rotate
4. Failure will seek the weakest plane

Three permissible drainage cases:
UU or Unconsolidated Undrained
CD or Consolidated Drained
CU or Consolidated Undrained

Think of practical situations where these tests would be appropriate.